Chenjiazhuang village, Wenxi County, Yuncheng City, Shanxi Province, played an important role in the Anti Japanese War and the war of liberation, leaving many red sites.
In recent years, from spontaneous protection to government organizations, more social forces participate in comprehensive development and utilization, and the local government has taken a distinctive path of protection. With the change of village appearance, red tourism is becoming more and more popular, driving the development of rural areas.
During the rainy season, Jiwang mountain in Yuncheng City, Shanxi Province looms in the clouds.
Chenjiazhuang in Jiwang mountain played an important role in the liberation of southern Shanxi during the Anti Japanese War and the liberation war, leaving many red sites. In recent years, from spontaneous protection to government organizations, more social forces participate, and from gradual accumulation to comprehensive development, the village has come out with a unique protection path.
Find out the cultural relics resources
While the village's old site is still there, rescue collection and sorting
Chenjiazhuang village is not a big village. The village extends along the river to the northwest and northeast, like opening arms to welcome tourists. The surrounding mountains surround the village. These mountains are very characteristic, and they are piled up in circles from the bottom to the top. They are called "mopanling" by the local people. Today's Chenjiazhuang is clean and tidy. The monument erected in front of the village square tells the past of the village.
In 2005, Qiu Jiawen, who had just retired, could not have imagined that Chen Jiazhuang could have its present appearance.
From 1945 to 1948, Chen Jiazhuang was the residence of the party, government and military organs such as the three prefectural Party committees, the three special offices, and the headquarters of the three divisions of the Communist Party of China.
Qiu Jiawen's father had participated in guerrilla warfare, and he had heard many revolutionary martyrs' deeds from his father's generation since he was a child. After retiring from the teacher's post, Qiu Wenwan refused the invitation to reemployment. He had an idea in his mind that he had to hurry to finish it. Every time he went back to the village, he saw that most of the young people in the village went to the city for development, and the former revolutionary site was in disrepair for a long time. He wanted to take advantage of the village's old site and the old people, to save and sort out the historical materials and old things of Chenjiazhuang.
At first, there was no bottom in my heart. "I don't know where to start. I would go door to door and talk to the old people in the village, starting with finding out where the old site was
To sort out the historical context, visiting is not enough. Qiu Jiawen found Wenxi County Party History Office, but the information was not complete, he went to Yuncheng City Party History Office. Unable to use a computer, he just learned this skill during this period. "Stare at the computer and look at it again and again, and make sure every detail is clear."
After two years, Qiu Jiawen compiled the history of Chenjiazhuang. In 2007, Qiu Jiawen sent the book to Shi Bingren, head of the old revolutionary base area construction promotion association in Wenxi County. Shi Bingren felt the heavy weight. He, who was the same age as Qiu Jiawen, decided to help him: "it's not enough to collect information. We should keep what we can see for future generations."
From spontaneous protection to government organization, comprehensive planning promotion
But if you really want to keep something, it's hard. "Some caves and old sites are seriously damaged. The first thing to be solved is the source of funds for renovation," Shi said
At that time, the collective economy of Chenjiazhuang village was still very weak. Before his retirement, Shi Bingren served as the director of Wenxi County People's Congress. He went around calling for attention to the protection of the red ruins of Chenjiazhuang, and finally spent more than 100000 yuan to repair Chenjiazhuang.
With the money, they repaired the most damaged Jinnan newspaper and other old sites. "We need serious repair first. Seeing that the walls are all gone and the caves are about to collapse, all I want to do is to hold on first. " Craftsmen from the village also joined in the battle, and some sites were effectively protected.
The former site of the Chenjiazhuang meeting is called "Dayao cave", which is much deeper and higher than ordinary cave dwellings. The Dayao cave was originally inhabited by people. Shi Bingren and Qiu Jiawen actively worked on the ideological work, and eventually rented and restored them at the price of 2000 yuan a year. Shi Bingren sighed: "the masses in the old liberated areas are simple. Once they hear that this is the site of the revolution, ideological work can be done."
In 2010, the protection of the red ruins in Chenjiazhuang was steadily promoted. At that time, Qiu Jiawen served as the village branch secretary. Every morning, he would shout in the trumpet of the village: "we should protect the house number and stone square of the village..." They squeezed out a small room in the village committee and held a small exhibition with the collected cultural relics.
After the protection of the red site of Chenjiazhuang started, the funds were still not enough. By 2014, Wenxi County Party committee and government have put the protection of Chenjiazhuang on the agenda. Ji Junwei, then Secretary of the Party committee of Guojiazhuang Town, recalled the scene at that time: "a special leading group was set up in the county. All bureaus in the county were member units. In combination with their own functions, the Transportation Bureau was responsible for road maintenance, the Civil Affairs Bureau was responsible for the preparation of the memorial hall, the cultural and Tourism Bureau was responsible for the restoration, protection and declaration of revolutionary cultural relics, and 17 departments including the Party History Office, the Poverty Alleviation Office and the agricultural office participated in the work 。”
In a year, Chenjiazhuang changed a lot. 800 meters of brick and soil hardened streets and alleys were completed, and the small garden, Martyrs Monument and red culture square were also built in this period. Road lighting and other infrastructure have been improved. More importantly, the cultural relics department has applied for 10 red sites to become provincial key cultural relics protection units in Shanxi Province in 2016.
Exploration, development and utilization